The first 65 km of agricultural fuelbreaks in the country were established in Boeny Region, northwestern Madagascar in 2021 and 2022. Mostly in grassy savanna, these fuelbreaks limit the spread of fires, and have also create an additional 615 ha of farmland for crop production. This should reduce the cleating in the national park and so reduce future fire ignitions. Due to the benefits seen by local smallholders and decision makers, their use has already spread to more locations. The keys to success are territorial land-use plans that make it possible to create fire-resistant mosaic landscapes that combine forest and agricultural land. The goal is to find sustainable solutions to the problem of fire, while in parallel, creating agricultural, economic and social opportunities.