The Ethiopian Dryland Restoration Strategy is a landmark document that provides the basis for the development of these vast and previously neglected areas. It opens with messages from H.E. Prof. Eyasu Elias State Minister, Ministry of Agriculture, and H.E. Ato Kebede Yimam, Director General, Ethiopian Forestry Development. Guiding principles, scope and rationale set the scene, before the strategy is laid out under four main themes – (i) natural resource management; (ii) land tenure, community rights and governance; (iii) livelihoods, markets and value chains; and (iv) policy alignment and coordination. This is followed with details on coordination and implementation arrangements, financing mechanisms, and monitoring, evaluation, accountability, and learning.